Paper |
More than meets the eye. The different types/weights/descriptions of paper can boggle the mind. Text, bond, cover, tag, index, coated, uncoated, tissue, newsprint, and the list goes on.
Let us put our experience to work for you. We're happy to discuss your project and suggest an appropriate paper that is both suitable and cost effective.
If there's a commercially available paper on the planet - and you want it - we'll get it!
Paper Types | Weights and Measures | Comparison Chart | Colors
Paper - as it applies to 99% of most peoples' needs - can generally be described as bond, text, cover, bristol, tag or index. Further, it is more specifically defined by its weight and type, as well as whether it's coated (e.g., glossy) or uncoated.
And, the way different types of paper is referred to is determined differently for each type of paper. Bottom line, it's like comparing apples to oranges.
For example, 20 lb bond is referred to as 20lb bond because the weight of 500 sheets of that particular paper - each sheet measuring 17" x 22" - weighs 20 pounds. On the other hand, 60lb cover is referred to as 60lb cover because the weight of 500 sheets of that particular paper - each sheet measuring 20" x 26" - weighs 60 pounds.
Reams of text and bond paper - when purchased in the US standard of 8.5" x 11" - contain 500 sheets. Heavier stock such as cover and Bristol come in reams of 250 sheets.
Bond | Text | Cover | Bristol | Tag | Index
Bond paper - similar to and often referred to as text - is thinner paper that most of us identify with as copy paper, letter head, flyers and bulletins. It is always available in white. It is easy to fold will go through virtually any modern day printer without a problem. Bond paper is usually sold in reams of 500 sheets and is referred to as 20lb, 24lb, 28lb and 32lb. Bond paper gets its "poundage" handle based on the weight of 500 sheets of 17" x 22" sheets. So, 500 17x22 sheets of paper that weighs 20 lbs is 20b bond.
Text paper - similar to and often referred to as bond and "book" - is paper that most of us identify with as copy paper, letter head, flyers and bulletins. It is commonly available in both white and colors. It is easy to fold will go through virtually any modern day printer without a problem. Text paper is generally sold in reams of 500 sheets and is referred to as 20lb, 50lb, 60lb, 70lb, 80lb and 100lb. Bond paper gets its "poundage" handle based on the weight of 500 sheets of 25" x 38" sheets. So, 500 25x38 sheets of paper that weighs 50 lbs is 50lb text. Get it? Similar paper type to bond, but measured by different sheet size.
Cover paper - also referred to as card stock - is thicker paper. Most of us would identify cover paper with such things as post cards, index cards, business cards, raffle tickets and ID tags. Cover paper is usually sold in reams of 250 sheets and is referred to as 60lb, 65lb, 80lb, 90lb, and 100lb. Cover paper gets its "poundage" handle based on the weight of 250 sheets of 20" x 26" sheets. So, 500 20x26 sheets of paper that weighs 60 lbs is 60lb cover. Get it? Similar paper type to bond, but measured by different sheet size.
Bristol paper - also referred to as card stock - is heavier paper. Our standard raffle ticket and auction card stock is 67lb Vellum Bristol. Cover paper is usually sold in reams of 250 sheets and is available in 57lb, 67lb and 80lb. Cover paper gets its "poundage" handle based on the weight of 250 sheets of 22.5" x 28.5" sheets. So, 250 22.5x28.5 sheets of paper that weighs 67lbs is 67lb bristol.
Tag paper is heavier paper that is very durable and tear resistant. Tag paper is available in reams of 250 sheets in 100lb, 125lb, 150lb. and 175lb basis weight, which is based on the weight of 250 sheets of 24" x 36" sheets.
Index paper is a smooth and stiff paper and comes in both white and colors. It is commonly available in 90lb and 110lb basis weights, and calculated using 25.5" x 30.5" sheets.
Bond | Text | Cover | Bristol | Tag | Index
Paper weight depends on the type of paper you are referring to, since the weight of a particular paper is actually determined differently for different types of paper. For example, 20 lb bond is based on the weight of 500 sheets of paper measuring 17" x 22". On the other hand, 60lb cover is based on the weight of 500 sheets of paper measuring 20" x 26". The descriptions below more fully describe paper weights and measures.
GSM - Grams per Square Meter
One way of categorizing paper is by GSM, or, grams per square meter. Put another way, how much a one square meter sheet of text paper weighs, in grams. For example, copy paper weighs 75 gsm.
BASIS WEIGHT - Pounds per 500 sheets
Another way of categorizing paper is by weighing - not just one sheet, but 500 sheets of that particular paper. For text/bond paper, the size of the sheets measures 17" x 22". For example, 500 sheets of 20 pound paper weighs 50 pounds and is referred to as having a basis weight of 50.
On the other hand, the weight of cover paper is based on the weight of 500 sheets of a particular paper measuring 20" x 26". For example, 500 sheets of 60 pound cover weighs 60 pounds and is referred to as having a basis weight of 60. Go figure!
THICKNESS - As measured in average thousandths of an inch.
Another way of categorizing paper is simply measuring its thickness. This is done by using a micrometer or caliper which measures the thickness of a sheet of paper in thousands of an inch. For example, copy paper calipers at a thickness of .0005 inch.
POINTS - Another view of actual thickness
In the US, paper thickness is often expressed in "points", such as 10pt, 12pt, and so on. For example, a sheet of paper with a caliper measurement of .0035" equates to 3.5 points and a sheet of paper with an actual measurement of .0012" has 12pts.
Following chart shows basis weights, GSM, caliper thickness, points (US), paper size on which basis weight is determined and number of sheets per ream for the most commonly used, uncoated papers. Note that specifications are approximate but fairly represent industry standards, weights and dimensions.
Bond (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
20 lb |
75 gsm |
.004" |
4 |
17" x 22" |
500 sheets |
24 lb |
90 gsm |
.0045" |
4.5 |
17" x 22" |
500 sheets |
28 lb |
105 gsm |
.0052" |
5.2 |
17" x 22" |
500 sheets |
32 lb |
120 gsm |
.006" |
6 |
17" x 22" |
500 sheets |
Text (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
50 lb |
75 gsm |
.004" |
4 |
25" x 38" |
500 sheets |
60 lb |
90 gsm |
.0045" |
4.5 |
25" x 38" |
500 sheets |
70 lb |
105 gsm |
.0052" |
5.2 |
25" x 38" |
500 sheets |
80 lb |
120 gsm |
.006" |
6 |
25" x 38" |
500 sheets |
Cover (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
50 lb |
135 gsm |
.0065" |
7 |
20" x 26" |
250 sheets |
60 lb |
162 gsm |
.009" |
9 |
20" x 26" |
250 sheets |
65 lb |
177 gsm |
.0095" |
10 |
20" x 26" |
250 sheets |
80 lb |
218 gsm |
.0115" |
11.5 |
20" x 26" |
250 sheets |
100 lb |
271 gsm |
.0135" |
13.5 |
20" x 26" |
250 sheets |
Bristol (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
57 lb |
75 gsm |
.007" |
7 |
22.5" x 28.5" |
250 sheets |
67 lb |
90 gsm |
.009" |
9 |
22.5" x 28.5" |
250 sheets |
80 lb |
105 gsm |
.010" |
10 |
22.5" x 28.5" |
250 sheets |
Tag (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
100 lb |
162 gsm |
.007" |
7 |
24" x 36" |
250 sheets |
125 lb |
203 gsm |
.009" |
9 |
24" x 36" |
250 sheets |
150 lb |
218 gsm |
.011" |
11 |
24" x 36" |
250 sheets |
175 lb |
245 gsm |
.013" |
13 |
24" x 36" |
250 sheets |
Index (basis) |
GSM |
Thickness |
Points |
Basis Sheet Size |
Ream (8.5x11) |
90 lb |
162 gsm |
.007" |
7 |
25.5" x 30.5" |
250 sheets |
110 lb |
199 gsm |
.009" |
9 |
25.5" x 30.5" |
250 sheets |
So that we can always provide our customers with pre-perforated product to ship within 24 hours, we always stock certain colors which should - 99.99% time - satisfy your needs. Following is a schematic sampling of our Primary, Ultra Bright and Parchment colors. For everything else, there is special order.
blue | canary | cream | gold | gray | green | orchid | peach | pink | white |
electric green |
electric yellow |
fuchsia |
kelly green |
pumpkin orange |
really red |
aged |
antique gold |
britannia blue |
natural cream |
olde white |
parch |
pewter |
spring green |